A.E. Belousov. On precision of estimation in plastic surgery // Plastic urgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 353-356
The factors affecting the precision of estimation of the scleral lumen as an important characteristic of lower lids are considered. According to the author’s opinion, despite some possible inaccuracy, the analysis of photographic images of face (in particular, the orbit) enables in the majority of cases to evaluate the scleral lumen and other characteristics of lower lids with a degree of precision acceptable for a plastic surgeon.
Key words: scleral lumen, lower lids, orbit, photographic images
A.E. Belousov. On some asymmetries of lower lids // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 357-364
The analysis of photographic images of 205 people with scleral lumens showed that the difference in the scleral lumen size between the right and the left eyes was observed in 54.1% of cases. At that, the more pronounced scleral lumen was more often seen in the right side of the face (39.0±3.4%, р<0.001). The asymmetry of the position (intensity) of inferior palpebral arches was detected in 50.2% of cases. Therewith, the more pronounced inferior palpebral arch was more often observed on the right (37.0±3.38%, р<0.001).
Key words: lower lids, scleral lumen, facial asymmetry
P.V. Libin, A.N. Tamarov, A.M. Borovikov. 3D-imaging in mammoplasty // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 367-380
Three-dimensional (3D) imaging is a body model, created by computer software, and translated to the screen of a monitor. The «volumetric» image possess the photographical sharpness and provides for better perception of an object by a human eye. 3D-model captures all the special, geometrical features of the surface which than can be measured with exactness, not available with other techniques. Raising awareness of new medical technologies on part of patients as well as competition among plastic surgeons are responsible for growing demand on 3D-imaging with consequent computer simulation of the prospective procedure results. The commercially available techniques require special skills and expensive hardware, i.e. scanners. Presented is the version of 3D-imaging based on conventional (2D) digital camera allowing to obtain body models and to simulate the surgical results. Our version has proved to offer no less quality of modeling and simulation, than the commercially available ones. Our results of computer simulation, based on correlation the subjective sense of aesthetics with mathematical data, appeared to be very close to the real ones.
Key words: 3D-imaging, mammometrics, mammoplasty
А.А. Artemyev, V.I. Ivanov. Perculiarities of formation of a capsule around textured Cereform implants // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 381-383
A case history with formation of a capsule around Cereform implant produced by the Cereplas company (France) with typical dimensions of texture pores of 35 microns is described.
Key words: fibrous capsule, texture, implant, Cereform
E.Ya. Grechaninov, M.D. Altshuller, L.A. Stefanovich. Peculiarities of anesthetic management of outpatients in the aesthetic surgery // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p.387-392
The 9-year experience of anesthesia care in the ambulatory aesthetic surgery is analyzed. The criteria of the selection of patients, issues relating the pre-surgical examination and preparation, anesthetic methods and problems and complications in the post-surgery period are considered.
Key words: anesthesia, ambulatory surgery, aesthetic (plastic) surgery
A.A. Cheburkin, L.N. Mazankova, S.I. Salnikova. Urticaria syndrom in children with parasitic infections and helminthoses // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 415-423
The literary data on the relation of urticaria with infectious and parasitic diseases are contradictory. At the same time, it is doubtless that urticaria in some patients is an infection symptom, which is most probably associated with genetic predisposing factors. The role of parasitic invasion and helminthoses in the pathogenesis of urticaria becomes most clearly apparent in patients with acute urticaria; in case of chronic urticaria, these infections play a minimal role.
Key words: urticaria, parasitic diseases, helminthoses, infectious diseases
Y.N. Perlamutrov, V.E. Gofman, K.B. Olkhovskaya. Peculiarities of the clinical course of acne in women with insulin resistance: modern approaches to efficient therapy // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 425-431
Acne in women is, in many cases, one of the signs of hyperandrogenism. It may be accompanied by hyperinsulinemia and dislipidemy, which afterwards leads to development of the metabolic syndrome. The intensity of acne manifestations depends on the degree of insulin resistance. Administration of metformin in the complex therapy of acne in women with insulin resistance results in a pronounced positive dynamics of clinical presentations of acne, as well as in normalization of hormonal and metabolic abnormalities.
Key words: acne in women, hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, metformin, reduction in the diastolic index, high efficacy, high tolerability
G.N. Mikheev, E.R. Araviyskaya, E.V. Sokolovskiy, N.A. Kholodilova. Acne inversa: new insights into pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and therapy // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 433-438
Acne inverse is a rare and severe type of acne manifestation requiring early and rational treatment. In contrast to acne vulgaris, acne inversa affects axillae, perianal fold, buttocks and scalp. In this connection, the diagnosis of this disease is highly complicated. The article contains a review of data on pathogenesis and clinical peculiatiries of acne inversa. The problems of modern diagnosis and treatment are considered.
Key words: acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, abscessed folliculitis, pilonidal sinus, acne-keloid.
E.V. Ivanova, S.B. Tkachenko, S.G. Agafonova. Ultrasonic derma scanning when testing structural peculiarities of the lip tissue before and after Injection of hyaluronic filler into lips // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 439-444
The sonographic pattern of the lip tissue was studied with the use of high-frequency derma scanning (20 MHz) before and after injection of a Repleri hyaluronic acid – based filler. The inertness of hyaluronic filler in the lip tissue a month after injection was shown. The ultrasound examination of skin indicated a high rate of informativity in the noninvasive evaluation of structural peculiarities of skin and subcutaneous tissues before and after the dermatocosmetologic intervention.
Key words: ultrasonic high-frequency derma scanning, hyaluronic filler, lip enlargement
M.A. Shirshakova. Mesotherapeutic correction of edematous-fibrous paniculopathy (cellulite) and local fat deposits // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 445-449
The data on comparative analysis of various protocols of mesotherapeutic correction of cellulite and local fat deposits are represented. Indications, contraindications, protocols and outcomes of the therapy, as well as possible side effects associated with the injection administration of combined anti-cellulite drugs and mixes of biodetergents are consequently considered. The role of gender differences and anatomic features of the correction area in the choice of the treatment regimen is analyzed.
Key words: mesotherapy, cellulite, local fat deposits, injection lipolysis
O.Y. Olisova, I.V. Verkhoglyad, I.P. Gostroverhova. Treatment of alopecia areata. Review // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 451-457
The article provides a review of new methods of treatment of alopecia areata (AA). The difficulty to successfully treat alopecia areata requires the observance of the main principle of the alopecia areata therapy – the therapy should be complex and as individual as possible. The variety of available methods of drug therapy and apparatus procedures extends possibilities for optimal choice of the course of treatment of alopecia areata.
Key words: alopecia areata, treatment
A.G. Gadzhigoroeva. Treatment of partial hair loss in women with the concomitant hyperandrogenic syndrome // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 459-463
The partial hair loss in women may be sometimes accompanied by increase of male hormones in blood. The clinical-laboratory diagnosis with determination of levels of androgens in biological fluids of the organism enables to define the etiopathogenesis of hair loss more exactly. Correction of endocrinopathy accompanied by hyperandrogenism is a necessary condition of effective treatment of hair loss. To normalize the level of androgens, drugs with steroid activity, as well as non-hormonal inhibitors of androgens are used. In order to stimulate hair growth, irrespective of the cause of the hair loss, minoxidil in the form of lotion for external use is applied. In the complex therapy, mesotherapy and physiotherapeutic methods are used.
Key words: hair loss in women, androgenetic alopecia, hyperandrogenism, treatment, minoxidil, antiandrogens
A.A. Haldin, M.V. Haldina. Herpes simplex in dermatocosmetological practice. Problems and ways to solve them // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 464-468
The problem of herpes simplex is considered from the position of cosmetological practice and aesthetic medicine. Different aspects of the hazard of cosmetological procedures which may activate virus infection or lead to complications in the rehabilitation period when performing these procedures at the time of recurrence of the disease are analyzed. Recommendations on preventive administration of acyclic synthetic nucleosides are provided.
Key words: herpes simplex, cosmetology, aesthetic medicine, dermatocosmetology, prophylaxis
E. Gleizes, C. de Goursac. Carboxytherapy // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 469-468
Carboxytherapy is a very old method of treatment of venous and arterial insufficiency, which, thanks to publications in Argentine, French and Italian journals, has been experiencing the «second birth» for several years and is used for correction of slackness of face and body skin, cellulite and dark circles under eyes.
Key words: carboxytherapy, CO2, stretch marks, dark circles under eyes, skin slackness, cellulite
O.V. Sheptiy. Fractional ablation as a new principle of skin remodeling // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 473-480
The skin rejuvenation is a many-sided task, which comprises not only elimination of visible signs of aging (wrinkles, pigmentation etc.) but also renewal of the connective-tissue skin support structure – dermal remodeling. The evolution of skin rejuvenation methods is most demonstrative when implementing the high technologies – lasers. In this particular sphere almost all types of action on skin – from ablation to fractional photothermolysis – have been tested. The fractional ablation is the «golden mean» between the classical approach and the new principle of laser energy delivery.
Key words: skin rejuvenation, skin remodeling, laser, ablation, fractional photothermolysis
N.I. Tsisanova. Once more on … epilation // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 481-486
The problem of excessive hair growth is one of the most topical problems in cosmetology. The article considers depilation and epilation methods, their history, physicotechnical justification, indications and contraindications, advantages and disadvantages. The optimal schemes of combination of various types of epilation by means of apparatuses are offered. The possibility of achieving the effect of absolute and permanent elimination of hair with adherence to treatment techniques is confirmed.
Key words: photo-epilation, undesirable hair, depilation, epilation, electroepilation, laser epilation
A.V. Makhmudov, O.Yu. Olisova, I.Ya. Pinson, I.V. Verkhoglyad. Phototherapy of acne disease with blue light // Plastic surgery and Cosmetology. 2010(3), p. 487-490
The paper presents data on treatment of 38 subjects with the mild or moderate acne disease who underwent the phototherapy with blue light at a wavelength of 405 nm to 420 nm as a monotherapy and in combination with antibiotics. As a result of the treatment, the full regression of acne eruption was achieved in 72% of patients. According to the authors’ opinion, the phototherapy with blue light is a high-efficiency and safe method for treatment of acne.
Key words: acne disease, phototherapy with blue light at a wavelength of 405 nm to 420 nm